People are diagnosed each day in the United States with some form of cancer. It can happen to you at any time. According to the National Cancer Institute, that number is more than 38%. It is also the second leading cause of death, behind heart disease. That means that one in three women will develop cancer in their lifetime. And that number for men is one in two. So, it is good to be aware.
The types of cancer you can be diagnosed with also vary. But which ones are the most dangerous? The top ten deadliest cancers have a survival rate of five years or less, once you are diagnosed. They include:
- Lung (including Bronchus) cancer – top killer in the U.S. Smoking and use of tobacco products causes it. It also comes from breathing in toxic fumes. People are usually diagnosed between the ages of 55 and 65.
- Colon & rectal combined- the cancer develops in the colon or rectum. It is advised to get colon cancer screenings starting at the age of 50. Early detection is key for survival.
- Pancreatic cancer – the cancer develops in tissues of the pancreas, which helps with regulating your metabolism and digestion. Early detection can be a challenge because it progresses so rapidly.
- Breast cancer in females and males- the number two killer of women in the U.S. Awareness of breast self-examinations and early detection have improved survival rates.
- Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct- most cancer usually spreads from other organs and then to the liver. A related cancer is intrahepatic bile duct, which carries bile from the liver to the small intestine.
- Prostate cancer- the second leading cause of death in men. Survival rates are associated with early detection. If diagnosed early, men have a 98% rate of survival.
- Leukemia (All types)- there are many types of leukemia, however, all affect the blood-forming tissues of the body, such as the lymphatic system and bone marrow. It results in producing too many white blood cells.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma– this cancer affects a type of white blood cell called the lymphocytes. There are several types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. You may notice symptoms such as larger lymph nodes, weight loss or fever.
- Bladder cancer- the most common type of bladder cancer is transitional cell carcinoma, or urothelial carcinoma. One of the major risk factors is smoking.
- Ovarian cancer- this cancer was the number four killer of woman between 2003 and 2007 according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Ovarian cancer is easier to treat but harder to detect in its early stages. Some of the possible symptoms can include pain in the pelvis, urgency to urinate and abdominal distress. The median age of woman diagnosed is 63.
How you can possibly prevent cancer
There are things you can do to help possibly prevent or reduce your risk of developing cancer.
- Never smoke or if you do smoke, stop as soon as possible.
- Get screened for cancer regularly (skin, prostate, cervix and breast) ask your doctor when is the best time to start.
- Protect your skin from the sun. Always wear a hat and gloves. Use a sun screen of 30 SPF or higher when you do go out in the sun.
- Eat a cancer-reducing diet, such as a plant-based diet that will help reduce risks of developing cancer.
- Avoid exposure to cancer causing substances like radiation
- Do not take menopausal hormonal therapy. Consider alternative measures if you need hormones
- Do not drink too much alcohol. No more than two drinks a day for men, and one a day for women.
- Get a physically active lifestyle, do some type of exercise daily
You never know when or if you will ever be diagnosed with cancer. It is good to know the facts of the types of cancer that exist and ways you can possibly prevent them.